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Karate Terminology (Japanese)


A

age - rising upwards

aiuchi - to strike or die at the same instant as the opponent

aiumiashi - stepping forward

ashi - foot

ashi kate - switch hand and foot positions



B

budo - way of war

bunkai - practical application of kata techniques

bushido - samurai code of conduct

bushido - way of the warrior


C

chudan - middle


D

dachi - stance

dai sempai - higher ranked black belt

dan - level

dantien - the power center

dojo - place of the way

domo arigato - thank you

domo arigato gozaimas - thank you very much


E

embusen - angle of attack or kata floor pattern

empi uchi - elbow strike

empi uke - elbow block

en uke - binding and discharge block


F

fudo dachi - immovable stance

fumikomi geri - downward stomping kick (4)

furoshiki - carrying wrap


G

gedan - low

gedan barai uke - downward sweeping block

gedan morote uke - low reinforced block

gedan ude uke - downward scooping block

gi - training uniform

go - five

godan - fifth level or fifth degree black belt

gokyu - fifth kyu

gomenasai - please excuse me

guruma keri - spinning wheel kick

gyaku mawashi geri - reverse round kick

gyaku mikazuki geri - reverse crescent kick

gyaku shuto uchi - reverse chop strike

gyaku tsuki - reverse punch

gyaku zenkutsu dachi - reverse front stance


H

hachi - eight

hachidan - eighth level or eighth degree black belt

hachikyu - eighth kyu

hai - yes

haishu uke - back of the open hand block

haito uchi - ridgehand strike

hajime - begin

hara - the belly

heiko dachi - natural shoulder stance (feet straight ahead)

heiko tsuki - double parallel punch

heisoku dachi - attention stance with toes together

Henshuho - way of the fist (22 techniques)

hidari - left

hiraken uchi - foreknuckle strike

hirakiashi - side stepping technique

hiza - knee

hiza geri - knee kick

Hohan Sokon - Shorin- ryu master circa 1900ís


I

ichi - one

ie - no

ikyu - first kyu or high brown belt

ima - now

ippon kumite - one technique sparring

ipponken - first knuckle fist

isogi - hurry


J

jitsu - state of calm concentration and awareness

jodan - high

jodan morote uke - high reinforced block

jodan naka uke - high inward block

jodan soto uke high - outward block

jodan uke - up block

ju - ten

ju jutsu - art of grappling

judan - tenth degree black belt

judo - art of grappling and throwing and pinning

juji uke - cross arm block

jukyu - tenth kyu

jyu ippon kumite - free style one technique sparring


K

kage tsuki - hook punch

kai - place of training

kakete uke - double parry and grabbing block

kakiwake uke - separating cross block

kamaete - assume position

karate - empty handed defense system

karate-do - the way of karate

karateka - one who studies karate

kata - formalized set of movements

kegato geri - back kick with heel

keiko - practice

kenjutsu - technique of the sword

keri waza - kicking techniques

ki - internal power

ki oi tsuki - stand at attention

kiai - yell at the execution of technique

kihon - basic

kime - summation of body forces

kimochi - feeling or arousal of ki

kin geri - 45 degree rising crescent kick

kinasai - come here

kobudo - art of weapons

kohai - lower ranked student

koko uchi - tigers mouth strike

kokutsu dachi - back stance

kosa dachi - cross legged stance

ku - nine

kudan - ninth degree black belt

kukyu - ninth kyu

kumite - sparring

kyo - state of confusion

kyu - rank under black belt

kyujutsu - technique of the bow


L

Lao Tzu - Chinese philosopher


M

maai - distance between you and opponent

mae geri keage - front kick snap kick

mae geri kekomi - front thrust kick

manmo - front repelling kick

mato uke - target block

Matsukaze - pine wind

mawashi - round

mawashi geri - round kick

mawashi kegato geri - spinning back kick

mawatte - turn around

metsubi dachi - attention stance with feet forty five degrees outward

migi - right

mikazuki geri - crescent kick

mikazuki geri uke - crescent kick block

moiichido - once more

morote tsuki - reinforced punch

morote uke - reinforced block

mudansha - below black belt students


N

naha-te - style of karate from Naha Okinawa

naka uke - inward middle level block

nakadakaken - second knuckle fist

nekoashi dachi - cat stance

ni - two

nidan - second level or second degree black belt

nikyu - second kyu

nukite tsuki - spearhand thrust


O

obi - belt or sash

oi tsuki - lunge punch

okare - class dismissed

okuriashi - sliding step

onagaiishimas - please teach me

osae uke - downward pressing block

osoji - daily cleaning chores

osu - even though I am tired I will continue to train

otagai - training partner or opponent

otagai ni - face towards training partner

otoshi - downwards

oyasumi - relax

oyayubi - thumb strike


P

pinan - very peaceful

pinan godan - fifth level of peace

pinan nidan - second level of peace

pinan sandan - third level of peace

pinan shodan - first level of peace

pinan yondan - fourth level of peace


R

rei - bow

renoji dachi - L stance

rokku - six

rokkudan - sixth level or sixth degree black belt

rokkyu - sixth kyu

Ryukyu - Okinawan Islands


S

sagiashi dachi - one legged crane stance

san - three

sanbon kumite - three technique kumite

sanchin dachi - hourglass stance

sandan - third level or third degree black belt

sankyu - third kyu

seiken - basic fist of karate

seiretsu - line up

seiza - classical way of sitting

sempai - higher ranked student

sempai ni - face towards sempai

sensei - Instructor

sensei ni - face towards the sensei

shi - four

shichi - seven

shichidan - seventh level or seventh degree black belt

shichikyu - seventh kyu

shiko dachi - low horse stance

shodan - first level first degree black belt

shodan-ho - probationary black belt

shomen - front of dojo

shotei uchi- palm heel thrust

shuri-te - style of karate from Shuri Okinawa

shuto uchi - chopping hand strike (4)

shuto uke - chop block

sochin dachi - sparring stance

Sokon Matsumura - founder of Shorin-ryu

soto uke - outward middle level block


T

tai sabaki - moving to the side

tatte - stand up

tatte tsuki - punch with vertical fist

te - hand

teiji dachi - t stance

teisho uchi- palm heel thrust

teisho uke - palm heel block

tettsui uchi - hammerfist strike

tobi mae geri - flying front kick

tobi mawashi geri - flying round kick

tobi mawashi ushiro - flying spinning back kick to the rear

tobi nidan geri - flying double front kick

tobi yoko geri - flying side kick

tomari-te - a mixture of naha-te and shuri-te karate from Tomari

tsugiashi - skipping step

tsuki - punch

tsuki uke - intercepting punch block


U

uchi hachichi dachi - inside eight stance (shoulder stance with toes inward)

uke - block

ura - backwards

ura tsuki - punch with fist inverted

uraken uchi - backfist strike


W

washi uke - eagle block


Y

yama tsuki - double mountain punch

yame - stop

yoi - ready

yoko - side

yokogeri - side kick

yondan - fourth degree black belt

yonkyu - fourth kyu

yudansha - black belt students

yuka kegato geri - spinning back thrust kick

yumitori uke - archer block


Z

zanshiin - pinpoint concentration with total domination of opponent


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